Car Dependence in Australian Cities: a Discussion of Causes, Environmental Impact and Possible Solutions

Kieron Amphlett


This essay investigates why Australia’s five major cities have become so dependent on the automobile. The essay also discusses the impact of car dependence on the environment and suggests possible solutions to the problem. Changes to urban planning following the postwar long boom period of the 1950s and 1960s resulted in major restructuring in the retail and manufacturing industries. The combination of these changes with the economic boom led to Australian cities becoming among the most car dependent in the world. This dependence on cars creates a multitude of environmental concerns and calls for improved public transport options, modification to urban structural planning and a return to ‘soft’ modes of transport.


automobile; car-dependence; Australia; long boom; manufacturing; public transport

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