Communities Behind Walls? Exploring the Actual and Prospective Social Outcomes of Gated Communities

Xavia Nõu

Abstract


For those who can afford it, gated residential estates, known broadly as gated communities (GCs), have become increasingly popular in many cities around the world.  Exactly how they shape urban geographies and impact the social outcomes for those within, and those without, has stimulated extensive research and some debate.  Many argue that GCs create social segregation, exclusion and disparity, posing a threat to the social sustainability of the urban spaces they inhabit.  By examining the underlying preferences and attitudes that draw people to GCs, this paper will discuss the arising social outcomes associated with an increase in their popularity.


Keywords


Urban Gating; Accumulated Privilege; Social Segregation

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